Medically reviewed by Vicky Davis, FNP, MD
Written by Apostrophe Team
Last updated 6/1/2023
Waking up to find a new pimple can be seriously aggravating, especially if it’s a recurring problem you’ve been struggling with.
Once you get over that initial annoyance, your next thought is likely that you have to get rid of it.
But is it possible to get rid of zits fast? Well, maybe. If you’re armed with the right info, you may be able to banish that blemish.
Read on to learn more about what causes them and how you can get rid of zits quickly.
Pimples pop up when a combination of sebum and dead skin cells build up and cause a blockage in your pores and hair follicles.
Sebum is an oil-like substance that is produced by your sebaceous glands to lubricate your skin and hair. It also helps protect your skin from bacteria and other potentially harmful substances in the environment.
But sometimes, an excess of sebum is produced.
So, what causes excess sebum? A variety of things. Hormone imbalances, such as the ones that occur during your period, can play a role. Genetic factors can also lead to acne breakouts. And environmental factors, like overwashing your skin or working out a lot, can also lead to breakouts.
Another culprit is dead skin cells. Naturally, your body sheds dead skin cells every 40 to 56 days as part of its process to renew and replace skin (also called epidermal turnover). When these dead skin cells mix with excess sebum, they can contribute to blocked pores and breakouts.
Using certain skincare or cosmetic products that contain heavy oils may also make you more prone to clogged pores and cystic acne.
Other lifestyle choices that can increase your odds of zits include smoking, sleeping with makeup on, and more.
The good news: pimples may be ugly beasts, but they can be tamed.
In fact, there are a number of effective strategies you can employ to get rid of your acne as quickly as possible. Review them below:
Perhaps the most popular way of treating zits, topical treatments are applied on the skin and work by penetrating the zit to clear it up. The most common types of acne treatments are:
Salicylic Acid: Reduces swelling and, like benzoyl peroxide, removes dead skin cells to allow the zit to clear up.
Retinoids: Unclog pores by preventing dead skin cells from building up and increasing the rate at which your skin cells regenerate.
Alone, these ingredients can go a long way towards getting rid of a zit. Combine a few of these together and a topical can pack an even stronger punch.
Benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid are often combined. Apostrophe also offers access to custom-compounded acne treatments that contain a variety of prescription ingredients like tretinoin and azelaic acid to get rid of dead skin cells, reduce inflammation and unclog pores.
Sometimes, a healthcare professional may prescribe an oral medication to help you with recurring breakouts and zits.
Birth control pills and isotretinoin are two of the most common. The FDA has approved a handful of combined oral contraceptives for use in acne treatment, which work by lowering your levels of acne-causing hormones (like testosterone) and reducing sebum production.
Isotretinoin also works by reducing sebum production, along with preventing dead skin cells from building up and clogging pores.
In addition to these, oral antibiotics are also sometimes prescribed, as they can also prevent bacteria from multiplying.
Red light therapy soothes inflammation and repairs tissue damage caused by acne. Blue light therapy kills the bacteria that cause acne and may also reduce inflammation.
There are a variety of natural remedies that may also work to get rid of zits — like tea tree oil, for example.
One small study performed on 60 people with mild to moderate acne found that applying a 5% tea tree oil gel was at least 3.55 times more effective at reducing acne lesions than a placebo.
In addition to tea tree oil, green tea may also help. Green tea is high in the antioxidant epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), which research indicates fights inflammation and reduces sebum production and prevents the growth of P. acnes (now called C. acnes bacteria) in people with acne-prone skin.
Lemongrass, cinnamon, clove, lavender and rose essential oils have also been shown to fight acne. Research has found these oils fight acne-causing bacteria S. epidermidis and P. acne.
Of course, with all essential oils, it’s important to note that the research here is still developing and there is a risk of potential irritation with essential oils.
One thing you definitely don’t ever want to do is pop your zit. We get it, you want that zit gone — but popping is a no-go.
When you squeeze a zit, you may get some gunk out. However, the danger is that you can also push bacteria deeper.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, this can lead to worse acne, an infection, or even scarring.
You also run the risk of spreading that bacteria to other pores and turning that one small zit into a real problem area.
So, what do you do if you really need to pop a pimple? Visit a dermatology professional. They are trained to do it. Beyond extractions, a dermatology professional can also do things like give you a corticosteroid injection to expedite healing.
No doubt, zits can be frustrating. But knowing there are science-backed ways to get rid of them should make you feel better.
To avoid suffering, speak with a licensed provider to figure out what acne treatment may be best for you. From tea tree oil skincare to oral medication, there are plenty of options.
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Salvaggio, H.L. & Zaenglein, A.L. (2010). International Journal of Womens Health. 2, 69–76. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2971728/
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Baldwin, H. (2020). Oral Antibiotic Treatment Options for Acne Vulgaris. The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. 13 (9), 26–32. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7577330/
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Yoon, J., Kwon, H., et al. (2013, February). Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate Improves Acne in Humans by Modulating Intracellular Molecular Targets and Inhibiting P. acnes. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, P429-440. Retrieved from https://www.jidonline.org/article/S0022-202X(15)36111-X/fulltext
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