Medically reviewed by Aimee Paik, MD
Written by Apostrophe Team
Last updated 11/2/2022
Vitamins are substances your body needs to grow and develop typically. Certain vitamins can be refined and applied topically to boost skin radiance, thicken and smooth skin, and prevent or reduce wrinkles and fine lines. Apostrophe Tretinoin Formula uses niacinamide and tretinoin, two vitamins that can smooth the skin and upgrade your glow. Read on to learn more!
Niacinamide - A form of vitamin B3 found in food and used as a dietary supplement and medication. It’s topical form smoothes wrinkles and skin texture, and increases moisture within the skin by improving water retention.
Retinoid – Topical retinoids are creams, lotions and gels containing medicine derived from vitamin A. These compounds result in smoother, plumper, and more radiant skin and are often found in anti-aging skincare products. Many creams containing the related compounds retinol and retinaldehyde can be obtained over the counter at pharmacies and supermarkets.
Tretinoin - Commonly known by its brand name Retin-A, tretinoin is a powerful vitamin A derivative that can treat acne and improve fine lines and wrinkles. Available by prescription only. It can cause irritation, redness, and peeling when starting out, but your skin will adjust with time.
Vitamin C (Ascorbic acid) – Ascorbic acid, or vitamin C, is an antioxidant which, when manufactured into a stable topical formulation, is proven to be effective in protecting against photoaging of the skin. It is available in serums, liquids, creams, and even powder. It is important to note that if the vitamin C is not stable, it will oxidize in solution.
Vitamin E – People often hail vitamin E as a skincare cure-all, effective against scarring, dry skin, eczema, acne, sunburn, anything you can think of! While this isn’t necessarily the case, research has shown that vitamin E has antioxidant properties that can combat free radicals. However, the science is still out on just how effective vitamin E is at improving overall skin condition and scarring.
Vitamins can do your skin good. Keep an eye out for these ingredients on bottle labels to give skin a radiance boost!
1. Gehring W. Nicotinic acid/niacinamide and the skin. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology. 2004;3(2):88-93. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17147561. Accessed May 17, 2019. 2. Keen MA, Hassan I. Vitamin E in dermatology. Indian Dermatology Online Journal. 2016;7(4):311-315. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4976416/. Accessed May 17, 2019. 3. Topical retinoids. Topical retinoids | DermNet NZ. https://www.dermnetnz.org/topics/topical-retinoids/. Accessed May 17, 2019. 4. Topical vitamin C. Topical vitamin C | DermNet NZ. https://www.dermnetnz.org/topics/topical-vitamin-c/. Accessed May 16, 2019. 5. Vitamins. MedlinePlus. https://medlineplus.gov/vitamins.html. Published April 29, 2019. Accessed May 17, 2019.
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